Hummingbirds in Florida

8 Species of Hummingbirds in Florida (With Photos)

Hummingbirds in Florida are amazing creatures that can brighten up your day. These tiny, colorful birds have eight different species in the Sunshine State, each with its own charm and personality. In this article, you’ll discover the beauty and wonder of hummingbirds, and how to attract them to your backyard

Key Takeaways:

  • Florida is home to eight species of hummingbirds.
  • Hummingbirds can be found in your own backyard.
  • The ruby-throated hummingbird is the most commonly seen species in Florida.
  • The rufous hummingbird migrates to Florida during the winter months.
  • There are several other species of hummingbirds found in Florida, each with its own unique characteristics.

1. Ruby-throated Hummingbird

Ruby-throated Hummingbirds

The ruby-throated hummingbird is a sight to behold and a familiar visitor in Florida. Known for its vibrant colors and unique features, this enchanting bird captures the hearts of birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts alike.

One of the most distinctive characteristics of the ruby-throated hummingbird is its signature ruby-red throat, which shines brilliantly in the sunlight. This vibrant display is a result of light refracting off the microscopic structures in the feathers, creating an iridescent effect. The rest of the bird’s plumage is predominantly green, allowing it to camouflage within its surroundings and blend seamlessly with the foliage.

Aside from its striking appearance, the ruby-throated hummingbird is also known for its remarkable agility. With a wingspan of around 3-4 inches, it can beat its wings up to 53 times per second, allowing it to hover effortlessly and fly in any direction, including backward and upside down. This agile flight enables it to access hard-to-reach nectar sources, such as the deep tubular flowers it favors.

Feeding Habits and Migration

The ruby-throated hummingbird relies on nectar as its primary source of energy. It feeds on a wide variety of flowers, using its long, slender bill to extract nectar from the throats of tubular blooms. In addition to nectar, it also consumes small insects as a source of protein.

During the spring and summer months, the ruby-throated hummingbird can be found in the eastern United States, including Florida, where it nests and raises its young. As the temperature begins to drop in the fall, these magnificent birds embark on an awe-inspiring migration journey. Flying non-stop for up to 18 hours, they cross the Gulf of Mexico, covering around 500 miles to reach their wintering grounds in Central America and Mexico. Their migration is fueled by their ability to double their body weight through hyperphagia, or intense feeding, in the weeks leading up to their departure.

Ruby-throated Hummingbird Facts and Figures

Scientific NameArchilochus colubris
SizeApproximately 3-4 inches in length
Weight0.1-0.2 ounces
WingspanApproximately 4-4.5 inches
HabitatWoodlands, gardens, and coastal areas
RangeEastern United States and Central America
Conservation StatusLeast Concern (IUCN)

2. Rufous Hummingbird

Rufous Hummingbird

Encounter the rufous hummingbird, a migratory species that visits Florida during the winter months. This small but mighty bird embarks on a fascinating journey, traveling thousands of miles from its breeding grounds in the Pacific Northwest to find refuge in the warmth of Florida’s tropical climate.

What sets the rufous hummingbird apart is its striking coloration. The males boast vibrant orange-red feathers that shimmer in the sunlight, while the females showcase a more subdued blend of green and orange. This unique plumage adds a burst of beauty to Florida’s vibrant birdwatching scene.

Feeding habits of the rufous hummingbird are equally as impressive. These tiny birds have an insatiable appetite and consume up to twice their body weight in nectar each day. They are known to aggressively defend their feeding territories, often engaging in aerial battles with other hummingbirds.

Spotting a rufous hummingbird in Florida is a thrilling experience that bird enthusiasts won’t want to miss. Their arrival signals the start of the winter season and provides a captivating display of nature’s wonders.

Other Species of Hummingbirds in Florida

Florida is home to a diverse array of hummingbird species, each with its own unique characteristics and habitats. Let’s explore some of the lesser-known but equally fascinating hummingbirds that grace the gardens and natural areas of the Sunshine State.

3. Calliope Hummingbird

calliope hummingbird

The Calliope Hummingbird is the smallest breeding bird in North America. With its vibrant magenta throat and green upperparts, this tiny hummingbird is a delight to behold. It can be spotted during the winter months in southern Florida, particularly in the Florida Keys.

4. Black-chinned Hummingbird

black chinned hummingbird

The Black-chinned Hummingbird is known for its iridescent green feathers and the distinctive black chin patch that gives it its name. Although relatively rare in Florida, it can occasionally be spotted along the Gulf Coast during spring and fall migrations.

5. Allen’s Hummingbird

allen's hummingbird

The Allen’s Hummingbird is a dazzling visitor to Florida during the winter months. Males sport vibrant orange-red throat feathers known as gorgets, while females have a more muted coloration. Keep an eye out for this stunning bird along the southeastern coast of Florida.

Also Read: Doves & Pigeons That Live in Kansas

6. Broad-tailed Hummingbird

broad-tailed hummingbird

The Broad-tailed Hummingbird is a western species that occasionally ventures into Florida during migration. Males boast a distinctive rose-red throat and produce a distinct “whirring” sound with their wings in flight. Look for them in the western parts of the state during the spring and fall.

7. Broad-billed Hummingbird

Broad-Billed Hummingbird

Florida is at the eastern edge of the Broad-billed Hummingbird’s range, making sightings a special treat. This species features brilliant, rainbow-like plumage, with males displaying a vibrant blue throat and a deeply forked tail. Keep your binoculars handy and watch for their iridescent beauty in southern Florida.

You may want to read Birds With Orange Beaks

8. Buff-bellied Hummingbird

Buff-bellied Hummingbird

The Buff-bellied Hummingbird is a Gulf Coast specialty and a resident in southern Texas. However, occasionally during winter, these beautiful birds can be spotted in southernmost Florida. Males have a glittering emerald-green throat and a buff-colored belly, giving them their name.

These are just a few of the extraordinary hummingbird species that can be found in the diverse habitats of Florida. From the enchanting Calliope Hummingbird to the stunning Broad-billed Hummingbird, each species brings its own unique charm to the state’s natural landscapes. Whether you’re a seasoned birder or just starting to appreciate these tiny wonders, keep your eyes peeled for sightings of these marvelous hummingbirds in Florida.

SpeciesColorationHabitatMigratory Pattern
Calliope HummingbirdMagenta throat, green upperpartsWinter in southern Florida, particularly in the Florida KeysMigratory
Black-chinned HummingbirdIridescent green feathers, black chin patchSpring and fall migrations in Gulf CoastMigratory
Allen’s HummingbirdOrange-red throat (males), muted coloration (females)Winter along southeastern coast of FloridaMigratory
Broad-tailed HummingbirdRose-red throat, “whirring” sound in flightSpring and fall in western parts of FloridaMigratory
Broad-billed HummingbirdBrilliant, rainbow-like plumageSouthern FloridaMigratory
Buff-bellied HummingbirdEmerald-green throat, buff-colored bellyWinter in southernmost FloridaMigratory

Attracting Hummingbirds to Your Garden in Florida

Transform your garden into a paradise for hummingbirds in Florida by implementing a few simple strategies. By providing a welcoming environment with nectar-rich flowers and the right feeders, you can attract these mesmerizing visitors and enjoy their graceful presence.

Create a Nectar-Rich Habitat

To entice hummingbirds to your garden, it’s crucial to offer a variety of flowers that provide ample nectar. Opt for native Florida plants like the Coral Honeysuckle, Firespike, or Scarlet Morning Glory. These vibrant blooms serve as valuable food sources for hungry hummingbirds.

Pro Tip: Plant a mix of flowers that bloom at different times throughout the year to provide a continuous nectar supply.

Choose the Right Feeders

Supplementing natural nectar sources with hummingbird feeders can help attract these tiny wonders. Select feeders with bright red colors and multiple feeding ports to accommodate more hummingbirds. Remember to clean the feeders regularly to prevent the growth of mold or bacteria.

Create a Hummingbird-Friendly Environment

A welcoming habitat goes beyond just nectar and feeders. Hummingbirds also need shelter and proper perching spots. Plant shrubs and trees at varying heights to provide cover and resting places for these energetic birds. Adding a birdbath or misting feature can further enhance their habitat.

Pro Tip: Place red ribbons or wind chimes near the feeding areas to attract hummingbirds and make them easier to spot.

By implementing these attractant methods, you can watch hummingbirds in Florida flock to your garden, delighting in their dazzling aerial displays and intricate behaviors. Create a haven that caters to their needs, and experience the joy and wonder of these enchanting creatures up close.

Related Article: 8 Types of Red Birds in Florida

When to Spot Hummingbirds in Florida

If you’re a hummingbird enthusiast in Florida, you’re in luck! The Sunshine State is home to a variety of hummingbird species, and knowing when the best time to spot them can enhance your chances of witnessing these tiny wonders.

Hummingbirds in Florida can be seen throughout the year, but their abundance tends to peak during the spring and fall migration seasons. During these times, many species pass through or stop in Florida on their way to their breeding or wintering grounds.

The optimal months for observing hummingbirds in Florida are typically March to May and August to October. These periods coincide with their migration and breeding seasons when they are more likely to be active and visible. Additionally, planting nectar-rich flowers and setting up hummingbird feeders can attract these delightful birds to your garden, providing you with more opportunities to enjoy their presence.

Mya Bambrick

I am a lifelong bird lover and nature enthusiast. I admire birds for their beauty, diversity, and intelligence. Birding is more than a hobby for me; it is a way of life. Therefore, I created this website to provide better and quality information about bird species. You know there are many bird species in the world right now. I started a path to introduce you to birds one by one.

Add comment