Hummingbirds in Maryland

5 Hummingbirds in Maryland (With Pictures)

Are you aware of the astonishing variety of hummingbirds that grace the state of Maryland? These petite creatures, with their vibrant colors and delicate wings, bring an element of magic to our gardens and parks. From the dazzling Ruby-throated Hummingbird to the exotic Rufous Hummingbird, who knew that such a diverse array of these enchanting birds could be found right here in our own backyard?

In this article, we will take you on a journey through the captivating world of hummingbirds in Maryland. Get ready to marvel at the incredible beauty and unique characteristics of these tiny wonders as we explore five different species that call our state home.

Key Takeaways:

  • Discover the five species of hummingbirds found in Maryland: Ruby-throated, Black-chinned, Calliope, Rufous, and Anna’s
  • Learn about the physical features and behaviors that make each species unique
  • Understand the migratory patterns of Maryland hummingbirds
  • Get insights on where to spot these remarkable birds in parks, gardens, and your own backyard
  • Find out how you can attract hummingbirds to your garden and create a haven for these delightful creatures

Here We’ll Learn About 5 Different Types of Hummingbirds in Maryland!!

1. Ruby-throated Hummingbirds

Ruby-throated Hummingbirds

Among the variety of hummingbirds found in Maryland, the ruby-throated hummingbird (Archilochus colubris) stands out as the most common and captivating species. With its vibrant colors and unique physical characteristics, the ruby-throated hummingbird is a true marvel of nature.

Measuring only 3-4 inches in length, this tiny bird has a slender body and long, pointed wings that allow it to hover effortlessly in mid-air. The male ruby-throated hummingbird boasts a vibrant ruby-red throat that glistens in the sunlight, while the female has a more understated greenish-gray throat.

These incredible creatures are known for their remarkable migratory patterns. Each year, ruby-throated hummingbirds embark on an incredible journey that spans thousands of miles. They migrate from their breeding grounds in eastern North America, including Maryland, all the way to Central America and back. It’s an arduous journey that requires immense strength and stamina.

During the breeding season, which typically begins in late spring, ruby-throated hummingbirds can be spotted in a variety of habitats in Maryland, including gardens, parks, and wooded areas. These birds are drawn to areas with an abundance of nectar-producing flowers, as their diet mainly consists of flower nectar, along with small insects.

To attract ruby-throated hummingbirds to your own backyard, consider planting a variety of native flowers that they find irresistible. Some popular choices include bee balm, trumpet vine, and cardinal flower. Providing feeders filled with a sugar solution can also entice these beautiful birds to visit your garden.

To further understand the fascinating world of ruby-throated hummingbirds, take a look at the table below, which highlights some of their key characteristics:

Species NameRuby-throated Hummingbird
Size3-4 inches
Throat Color (Male)Ruby-red
Throat Color (Female)Greenish-gray
Migratory PatternBreeds in eastern North America (including Maryland) and migrates to Central America
Preferred HabitatGardens, parks, wooded areas
DietFlower nectar and small insects

2. Black-chinned Hummingbird

black chinned hummingbird

In Maryland, the black-chinned hummingbird is a stunning species that captivates birdwatchers with its beauty. These tiny creatures boast distinctive features and behaviors that make them stand out among other hummingbird species.

Distinctive Features

The black-chinned hummingbird derives its name from the dark-colored throat patch found on adult males. This patch creates a striking contrast against their iridescent green back and wings. Adult females, on the other hand, have a green throat with faint streaking. Another prominent feature of this species is its slender bill that allows them to feed on nectar from various flowers.


Black-chinned hummingbirds are highly territorial and known for their fierce defense of feeding territories. Males perform spectacular courtship displays, which involve aerial acrobatics to impress the females. They create distinctive vocalizations that sound like a mechanical “dry chip.” These hummingbirds also undertake remarkable migratory journeys, traversing long distances from their breeding grounds in the western United States to their wintering grounds in Mexico.

To attract black-chinned hummingbirds to your garden, provide a variety of nectar-rich flowers such as bee balm, trumpet vine, and salvia. These migratory birds are also known to visit hummingbird feeders, so make sure to offer a sugar water solution in a clean and well-maintained feeder.

In the next section, we will marvel at the grace and beauty of the Calliope hummingbird, another rare species that occasionally graces Maryland with its presence.

3. Calliope Hummingbird

calliope hummingbird

If you’re lucky enough to spot a Calliope hummingbird in Maryland, you’re in for a rare treat. These exquisite birds are not commonly found in the area, making them a remarkable sight for birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts.

The Calliope hummingbird is the smallest bird species in North America, measuring only 3 inches in length. The males boast iridescent feathers, with a vibrant rose-colored throat patch that gleams in the sunlight. Females have more muted coloration, sporting a greenish hue.

These hummingbirds prefer open woodlands and mountainous regions, making their way to Maryland during their migration. If you want to attract Calliope hummingbirds to your garden, consider planting native flowers such as bee balm, penstemon, and columbine. These plants provide nectar-rich blooms that are irresistible to these tiny visitors.

Tips for Attracting Calliope Hummingbirds:

  • Plant native flowers with tubular-shaped blossoms
  • Include a variety of flower colors to attract their attention
  • Provide hummingbird feeders filled with a sugar-water solution
  • Hang red ribbons or wind chimes to catch their eye

With their delicate features and swift movements, observing a Calliope hummingbird in Maryland is truly a mesmerizing experience. Remember to create a welcoming habitat to increase your chances of spotting these graceful creatures.

Common NameScientific NameHabitatMigration
Calliope HummingbirdSelasphorus calliopeOpen woodlands, mountainous regionsSeasonal migrant, occasionally visits Maryland

4. Rufous Hummingbird

Rufous Hummingbird

Get ready to be captivated by the vibrant beauty of the rufous hummingbird. With its striking orange coloration, this small bird is a true jewel of nature. Found throughout North America, including Maryland, the rufous hummingbird is a sight to behold.

The rufous hummingbird is renowned for its epic migratory journey. Every year, it travels thousands of miles from its breeding grounds in Alaska and western Canada to its wintering grounds in Mexico. Along the way, it makes a stopover in Maryland, attracting birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts from far and wide.

As a migratory bird, the best time to observe the rufous hummingbird in Maryland is during its spring and fall migration. These tiny birds use the energy-rich nectar from flowers to fuel their long-distance flights, making them frequent visitors to gardens and parks with blooming flowers.

To increase your chances of spotting a rufous hummingbird, consider creating a hummingbird-friendly habitat in your own backyard. Planting native flowers that provide nectar, such as cardinal flower and trumpet creeper, can attract these dazzling birds. Additionally, providing hummingbird feeders filled with a solution of four parts water to one part sugar can provide an extra incentive for rufous hummingbirds to visit.

Remember, patience and perseverance are key when it comes to hummingbird watching. Find a comfortable spot with a good view of flowers or feeders, and try to remain still and quiet. With a little luck, you may soon find yourself enchanted by the sight of a rufous hummingbird flitting about, sipping nectar with its delicate bill.

5. Anna’s Hummingbird

anna's hummingbird

While Maryland is home to several native species of hummingbirds, there is one non-native visitor that occasionally graces the state with its presence – Anna’s hummingbird. This unique species, native to the western parts of North America, is a delight to observe with its vibrant plumage and distinct behaviors.

Anna’s hummingbirds are known for their beautiful iridescent feathers, predominantly green on their back and head, with a vibrant rose-pink throat that glistens in the sunlight. Males have a more vibrant throat color while females have a lighter, more subtle hue.

One fascinating behavior of Anna’s hummingbirds is their ability to sing during courtship displays. While other hummingbirds produce sounds by rapidly beating their wings, Anna’s hummingbirds have an impressive vocal range and use chirps and buzzes to communicate with each other.

Another interesting characteristic of Anna’s hummingbirds is their adaptability. They are known to survive in various ecological environments, including coastal areas, deserts, and forests. This adaptability allows them to explore new territories, occasionally reaching as far east as Maryland.

If you’re lucky enough to spot an Anna’s hummingbird in Maryland, you’ll witness their agile flight patterns and remarkable feeding behavior. They are avid nectar feeders, often visiting flowers and feeders to fuel their high metabolic rate. They defend their feeding territories vigorously, ensuring a steady supply of nectar to sustain their energy levels.

To attract Anna’s hummingbirds to your garden, plant a variety of native flowering plants rich in nectar, such as bee balm, trumpet vine, and salvia. Providing a clean and reliable source of nectar, whether through flowers or hummingbird feeders, will increase your chances of attracting these charming visitors.

However, it’s worth noting that Anna’s hummingbirds are not regular visitors to Maryland. Their occasional presence in the state adds an element of excitement for birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts.

Green plumage on back and headVocalization during courtship displays
Rose-pink throat (males have a more vibrant color)Agile flight patterns
Adaptability to various ecological environmentsDefends feeding territories
Occasional visitor to MarylandAvid nectar feeder

Where to Find Hummingbirds in Maryland

If you’re a hummingbird enthusiast in Maryland, you’re in luck! The state offers numerous hummingbird hotspots where you can catch a glimpse of these enchanting creatures up close.

One popular location to look for hummingbirds is in the beautiful parks scattered throughout Maryland. Places like Assateague State Park, Seneca Creek State Park, and Patapsco Valley State Park are known to attract a variety of hummingbird species. Take a leisurely stroll along the park’s nature trails or set up a picnic near flowering plants to increase your chances of spotting these tiny wonders.

Garden enthusiasts will also find joy in their own backyard by creating a hummingbird-friendly environment. Planting native flowers like bee balm, columbine, and cardinal flower will entice hummingbirds to visit your yard. Ensure a continuous supply of nectar by setting up hummingbird feeders, making sure to keep them clean and filled with fresh sugar water.

Furthermore, consider joining a local bird-watching club or attending nature workshops in Maryland. These events often provide valuable insights and tips from experienced birders who can direct you to specific hummingbird hotspots in your area. By connecting with other enthusiasts, you can share sightings, knowledge, and excitement for these incredible birds.

Mya Bambrick

I am a lifelong bird lover and nature enthusiast. I admire birds for their beauty, diversity, and intelligence. Birding is more than a hobby for me; it is a way of life. Therefore, I created this website to provide better and quality information about bird species. You know there are many bird species in the world right now. I started a path to introduce you to birds one by one.

Add comment