Doves in Arizona

7 Types Of Doves in Arizona (ID Guide With Pictures)

Have you ever wondered about the different types of doves that can be found in Arizona? Whether you’re an avid bird-watcher or simply curious about the diverse wildlife in the state, this comprehensive guide is here to satisfy your curiosity. In this article, we will explore the seven distinct types of doves that call Arizona home. From the striking Mourning Dove to the unique Inca Dove, we will provide identification tips and showcase vivid pictures of each species. Get ready to dive into the world of these fascinating birds and discover the hidden wonders they bring to the Arizona landscape.

Key Takeaways:

  • Arizona is home to seven different types of doves.
  • Each dove species has unique characteristics and physical features.
  • Identification tips and vivid pictures are provided for each species.
  • We will explore the habitats and behaviors of these doves.
  • Prepare to be amazed by the diverse and beautiful world of doves in Arizona.

Mourning Dove

The Mourning Dove is one of the most common and widely recognized doves in Arizona. This beloved bird is known for its gentle cooing sound, which often echoes through the desert landscapes. With its slender body, grayish-brown feathers, and contrasting dark patch on its neck, the Mourning Dove is easily identifiable.

Mourning Dove

These doves are commonly found in open areas, including deserts, grasslands, and urban gardens. They are frequent visitors to backyard bird feeders, where they enjoy feasting on seeds. Mourning Doves have a graceful flight pattern characterized by quick wingbeats followed by a glide. They are often seen perched on telephone wires or tree branches.

To identify a Mourning Dove, look for its distinctive features:

  • Slender body: The slender shape of the Mourning Dove sets it apart from other dove species.
  • Grayish-brown feathers: The overall plumage of the dove is soft grayish-brown, with a lighter underside.
  • Dark patch on the neck: The dove has a distinctive dark mark on its neck that contrasts with its lighter-colored feathers.

The Mourning Dove is a peaceful and gentle species, symbolizing love and peace. Its presence in Arizona adds tranquil beauty to its landscapes.


Mourning Dove Facts
Scientific NameZenaida macroura
SizeLength: 9-13 inches
WingspanUp to 18 inches
HabitatOpen areas, deserts, grasslands, urban gardens
Feeding HabitsPrimarily seeds and grains
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Common Ground Dove

The Common Ground Dove is a small dove species that can be found in various habitats across Arizona. With its intricate feather pattern and unique behaviors, this dove is a fascinating species to learn about.

Common Ground-Dove

Preferred Habitats:

  • Semi-open areas such as grasslands, savannas, and agricultural fields.
  • Woodlands and scrublands with open ground and scattered shrubs.
  • Urban and suburban areas with parks and gardens.

Distinctive Traits:

  • Small size, measuring about 6-7 inches in length.
  • Muted coloration, with a brownish-gray body and scaled pattern on the wings.
  • A distinctive white eye-ring, giving it a bright-eyed appearance.

To differentiate the Common Ground Dove from other doves, pay attention to its small size, unique coloration, and the prominent white eye-ring. These characteristics help in accurate identification.

Did You Know?

TraitsCommon Ground DoveMourning DoveWhite-winged DoveInca Dove
SizeSmall (6-7 inches)Medium (9-13 inches)Large (11-12 inches)Small (6-7 inches)
ColorationBrownish-gray with scaled wing patternLight brown with a darker patch on the neckPale gray-brown with white wing patchesSandy-brown with reddish wings
Distinctive TraitsWhite eye-ringLong, pointed tailWhite wing patchesScaly appearance, reddish wings

White-winged Dove

The White-winged Dove is a larger species of dove that is known for its distinct white wing patches. This striking bird can be easily identified by its unique markings and behaviors. With its presence in both urban areas and desert regions of Arizona, the White-winged Dove is a common sight for birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts.

white-winged dove

One of the key identification features of the White-winged Dove is its creamy-white wing patches that contrast against the overall brownish-gray plumage. These wing patches are most visible when the bird is in flight, creating a beautiful and eye-catching sight. Additionally, the dove has a long tail with white tips, adding to its distinctive appearance.

These doves are opportunistic feeders, consuming a variety of foods such as seeds, fruits, and even insects. They can often be seen foraging on the ground or perched in trees, searching for their next meal. The White-winged Dove is also known for its melodious cooing call, which is a familiar sound in the Arizona desert.

“The White-winged Dove is a beautiful species that adds charm to Arizona’s avian diversity,” says Jane Wilson, a local birdwatcher and photographer.

Range and Habitat

The White-winged Dove is a native species to the southwestern United States, including Arizona. It can also be found in parts of Mexico and Central America. Within Arizona, these doves inhabit a wide range of habitats, including urban areas, desert regions, and scrublands. They have adapted well to human-altered environments, making use of backyard feeders and gardens.

During the breeding season, White-winged Doves build simple nests made of twigs and leaves in trees or shrubs. These nests provide a safe place for females to lay their eggs and raise their young. Contrary to popular belief, these doves are not migratory and can be found in Arizona year-round.

Identification Tips

To further help birdwatchers and enthusiasts identify the White-winged Dove, here are some key characteristics to look out for:

  1. Distinctive white wing patches visible in flight or perched
  2. Brownish-gray plumage with a pinkish hue on the chest and belly
  3. Long, pointed tail with white tips
  4. Relatively larger size compared to other dove species in Arizona

Observing these characteristics and behaviors will greatly assist in distinguishing the White-winged Dove from other dove species found in Arizona.

White-winged DoveMourning DoveInca Dove
Average Length12-14 inches9-10 inches
Wingspan17-18 inches16-18 inches
Main ColorBrownish-grayTan/Gray
Distinctive FeaturesWhite-wing patches, long tail with white tipsScale-like feathers, reddish wings

Inca Dove

The Inca Dove is a small dove species found throughout Arizona. It is known for its unique feather patterns, which give it a distinctive scaly appearance. One of the standout features of the Inca Dove is the reddish feathers on its wings, setting it apart from other dove species.

Inca Dove

This dove species prefers arid habitats such as deserts, grasslands, and scrublands. It can often be spotted near water sources, such as rivers and ponds, where it forages for food. The Inca Dove is known to feed on seeds, grains, fruits, and insects.

To accurately identify the Inca Dove, look for these key features:

  • Small size, similar to a Mourning Dove
  • Unmistakable scaly appearance on the back and wings
  • Reddish feathers on the wings
  • Pale gray body with a lighter-colored belly
  • White color around the eyes

The Inca Dove is a relatively common sight in Arizona, and its unique appearance makes it a favorite among birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts. Keep an eye out for this charming dove species during your explorations in the Grand Canyon State!

Eurasian Collared-Dove, Rock Pigeon, and Band-tailed Pigeon

Arizona, known for its diverse bird species, is home to three more fascinating doves that bird enthusiasts should keep an eye out for. These species, namely the Eurasian Collared-Dove, Rock Pigeon, and Band-tailed Pigeon, possess distinctive characteristics, making them stand out from the previously mentioned types of doves in Arizona.

The Eurasian Collared-Dove is a medium-sized bird with a distinctive black collar around its neck. Originally from Europe, this species has successfully established itself in Arizona’s urban and suburban areas. Its cooing call is easily recognizable, and it often perches on power lines and rooftops.

The Rock Pigeon, also known as the common pigeon, is a familiar sight in cities and towns worldwide. With its plump body, iridescent feathers, and characteristic cooing sound, it has become an icon of urban environments. In Arizona, these doves can be seen roosting on buildings, bridges, and other structures.

The Band-tailed Pigeon is the largest dove species found in Arizona. It boasts a dark gray body, a distinctive white crescent on the back of its neck, and a distinctive call resembling a mournful whistle. These doves prefer coniferous forests and woodlands, often gathering in large flocks during migration.

Mya Bambrick

I am a lifelong bird lover and nature enthusiast. I admire birds for their beauty, diversity, and intelligence. Birding is more than a hobby for me; it is a way of life. Therefore, I created this website to provide better and quality information about bird species. You know there are many bird species in the world right now. I started a path to introduce you to birds one by one.

Add comment