Birds in Spain

12 Common Types of Birds Found in Spain (With Pictures)

Have you ever visited Birds in Spain? Spain is a country known for its lively culture, stunning landscapes, and long history, is also a great place for bird watching. You can find all sorts of birds here, from big eagles to tiny hummingbirds. But what kinds of birds are most often seen in this beautiful country?

Whether you’re a bird enthusiast or just interested in the birds of Spain, this article will guide you through the amazing world of Spanish birds. We’ll explore the birds that live here all year round, as well as those that only visit during certain times of the year.

So, are you excited to learn about the different birds that call Spain home? Let’s begin this bird-watching journey together.

Here are the main points:

  • Spain is home to a wide variety of bird species, making it an ideal destination for birdwatchers.
  • There are resident birds that inhabit Spain year-round and migratory birds that visit during specific seasons.
  • Birds in Spain can be found in diverse habitats, including forests, parks, and fields, much like the adaptable house sparrow.
  • Some bird species in Spain have unique physical features or behaviors that make them easily recognizable.
  • Birds in Spain contribute to the country’s soundscape with their melodious calls.

Spain’s Avifauna: A Birdwatcher’s Paradise

Spain is renowned as a birdwatcher’s paradise, boasting a diverse avifauna that is native to the country. With its unique geographical location and varied habitats, Spain offers an exceptional haven for birds such as the starling and gull. birding experience for enthusiasts from around the world.

From snowy mountain ranges to sun-drenched coastlines, Spain provides a range of habitats that support a wide variety of bird species. The country’s strategic position between Europe and Africa makes it a crucial stopover for migratory birds, further enhancing its appeal to birdwatchers.

Whether you are an avid birder or a casual observer, Spain’s avifauna will leave you in awe. Explore the vast wetlands of Doñana National Park, home to flamingos, herons, and spoonbills, or venture into the Pyrenees to catch a glimpse of fascinating raptors like the bearded vulture and golden eagle.

Spain’s bird diversity extends beyond its natural reserves and national parks. Even in urban areas, you’ll discover an array of avian species adapting to city life. Look out for the charming Eurasian hoopoe, known for its distinctive crown and melodious call, as it forages for insects in city parks.

In addition to its diverse birdlife, Spain offers excellent birdwatching infrastructure, with numerous guided tours, bird hides, and observation points scattered throughout the country. These flocks facilities cater to birders of all levels of experience, ensuring a fulfilling and memorable birding adventure.

In Spain, birding is not just a hobby; it’s a way of life. The country’s native avifauna captivates birdwatchers with its beauty, grace, and sheer variety. Whether you’re a seasoned birder or a novice, Spain’s avifauna promises an unforgettable experience.

So grab your binoculars, pack your field guide, and get ready to immerse yourself in the mesmerizing world of Spanish birdwatching. With its native species, migratory visitors, and unique habitats, Spain truly is a birdwatcher’s paradise.

Spain is home to a diverse array of bird species, with many native species making it their permanent residence. These resident birds in Spain can be found throughout the country, adding to the richness of its avifauna. Whether you are an avid birder or a nature enthusiast, you are sure to encounter some of these common visitors during your time in Spain.

Great Spotted Woodpecker

Great Spotted Woodpecker

A prominent resident bird in Spain is the Great Spotted Woodpecker (Dendrocopos major). With its distinctive black and white plumage and flashing red crown, this woodpecker is a highly recognizable species. It can be found in woodlands, forests, and parks, using its powerful beak to excavate tree trunks in search of insects.

European Robin

European Robin

The European Robin (Erithacus rubecula) is another familiar sight in Spain’s gardens and parks. Its striking reddish-orange breast and melodious song make it a joy to observe and listen to. Despite its name, the European Robin is not closely related to the American Robin. It is a year-round resident in Spain, amusing locals and visitors with its friendly demeanor and beautiful singing.

Eurasian Hoopoe

Eurasian Hoopoe

The Eurasian Hoopoe (Upupa epops) is a native species known for its distinct appearance and unique call. With its striking combination of pinkish-brown plumage, black and white wings, and a prominent crest, the hoopoe is a true symbol of Spain’s avian diversity. These birds are commonly found across the country, nesting in tree holes and feeding on insects using their long, curved bills.

Bird SpeciesMain CharacteristicsHabitat
Great Spotted WoodpeckerDistinctive black and white plumage, flashing red crownWoodlands, forests, parks
European RobinStriking reddish-orange breast, melodious songGardens, parks
Eurasian HoopoePinkish-brown plumage, black and white wings, prominent crestVarious habitats across Spain

These are just a few examples of the popular resident birds you can spot in Spain. From colorful songbirds to majestic raptors, the country is a haven for bird lovers. Whether you’re exploring the forests of the Pyrenees or wandering through Madrid’s city parks, keep an eye out for these native species that call Spain home. Their presence adds to the beauty and charm of this birdwatcher’s paradise.

Migratory Birds: The Seasonal Visitors

Spain, not only home to a diverse range of resident bird species including the pigeon and finch but also attracts a plethora of migratory birds like the barn swallow during their breeding season. These seasonal visitors contribute to the already impressive bird diversity seen in the country.

Each year, migratory birds embark on long journeys from their breeding grounds to find suitable nesting sites and abundant food sources. Spain’s strategic location as a bridge between Africa and Europe makes it an attractive stopover for many migratory species.

During the breeding season, Spain becomes a temporary haven for a wide variety of migratory birds. From the impressive storks and elegant cranes to the colorful warblers and delicate flycatchers, these birds grace the Spanish skies and landscapes with their presence.

The migratory birds that visit Spain during this time not only add beauty to the natural scenery but also play a crucial role in maintaining ecological balance. They contribute to pollination, seed dispersal, and pest control, while also providing visual delights for birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts.

Here are some of the migratory bird species commonly observed in Spain during the breeding season:

  • European Bee-eater (Merops apiaster)
  • Common Nightingale (Luscinia megarhynchos)
  • Eurasian Hoopoe (Upupa epops)
  • Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus)
  • Spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia)
  • European Roller (Coracias garrulus)

These are just a few examples of the countless migratory bird species that grace Spain’s skies during their breeding season. They bring unique colors, sounds, and behaviors to the already vibrant avifauna of the country.

Whether you’re an avid birder or simply enjoy the beauty of nature, witnessing the arrival of migratory birds in Spain is a breathtaking experience. Keep your binoculars ready and explore the stunning sights and sounds of these seasonal visitors.

Common Birds Found in Various Habitats

Spain’s diverse landscapes offer a wide range of habitats that are home to a multitude of bird species. From the lush forests to the bustling parks and expansive fields, these adaptable birds, including species like the house sparrow and barn swallow are found throughout Spain, enriching the country’s avifauna.


Forests in Spain provide a sanctuary for numerous bird species. Among them, the Eurasian Jay found in Spain dazzles with its vibrant blue plumage and melodious call. Meanwhile, the Common Chaffinch adds a splash of color with its orangey-brown hues and melodious song. Keep an eye out for the Great Spotted Woodpecker with its distinctive black and white markings as it taps away at tree trunks in search of insects.


The parks in Spain serve as gathering spots for both locals and birds alike. Look up, and you might spot the elegant Grey Heron soaring overhead, with its long legs gracefully extended. Listen carefully, and you’ll hear the delightful songs of the Nightingale, whose melodious tunes fill the air. The charming European Robin is also a common sight, with its vibrant orange breast standing out against its grayish-brown feathers.


Fields are a haven for various bird species, including the adaptable White Stork. These elegant birds can often be seen foraging for food or nesting atop chimneys and poles. Keep an eye out for the striking Common Kestrel, hovering in mid-air as it searches for its next meal. The delightful European Goldfinch also frequents these open spaces, with its bright red face and beautiful song.

“Birds are a reflection of our environment, with each habitat offering a unique experience in the world of birdwatching. From the serene forests to the lively parks and vast fields, Spain truly is a paradise for bird enthusiasts.”

HabitatCommon Birds
ForestsEurasian Jay, Common Chaffinch, Great Spotted Woodpecker, and the often overlooked but equally fascinating barn swallow
ParksGrey Heron, Nightingale, European Robin
FieldsWhite Stork, Common Kestrel, European Goldfinch

Birds with Unique Characteristics

Spain is home to a variety of bird species with distinctive physical features and behaviors that make them easily recognizable and fascinating to observe. From shiny black plumage to striking red facial masks and white markings, these birds truly stand out in the avian world.

“The distinctive appearance of these birds adds an element of excitement to any birdwatching experience in Spain. You can’t help but be captivated by their unique beauty.”

1. European Magpie (Pica pica)

European Magpie

The European Magpie is a widespread bird known for its beautiful black feathers with an iridescent blue-green sheen. It stands out even more with its long tail and white markings on the wings and belly, creating a striking contrast against its shiny black plumage.

2. European Bee-eater (Merops apiaster)

European Bee-eater

The vibrant European Bee-eater features a combination of bright colors. With its olive-green back, yellow throat, and blue wings, this medium-sized bird is a sight to behold. Its slender curved bill is specifically adapted for catching and consuming bees, wasps, and other flying insects.

3. Eurasian Hoopoe (Upupa epops)

Eurasian Hoopoe

The Eurasian Hoopoe is instantly recognizable with its distinct crest and long, thin bill. Its plumage includes a pinkish-brown body, black wingtips, and black and white striped wings. This charismatic bird is known for its unique flight pattern, often accompanied by a distinctive “hoop-hoop” call.

4. Sardinian Warbler (Sylvia melanocephala)

Sardinian Warbler

The Sardinian Warbler is a small passerine bird with a prominent red facial mask and a sleek black plumage. Males have a distinctive white crescent-shaped patch on the throat, adding to their unique appearance. These agile birds are often found in shrubby areas and emit a pleasant melodious song.

5. Iberian Green Woodpecker (Picus sharpei)

Iberian Green Woodpecker

The Iberian Green Woodpecker showcases a mix of green and black feathers, with a vibrant red crown, giving it a regal appearance. This large woodpecker species is commonly found in woodland areas, where it can be seen drilling into tree trunks in search of insects.

Bird SpeciesPhysical CharacteristicsBehaviors
European MagpieShiny black plumage with iridescent blue-green sheen, white markings on wings and belly, reminiscent of the vibrant display seen in a European starlingBuilds intricate nests, highly intelligent, known for their mimicry
European Bee-eaterOlive-green back, yellow throat, blue wingsAdapted bill for catching and consuming bees and wasps, migratory behavior
Eurasian HoopoePinkish-brown body, black wingtips, black and white striped wings, distinctive crest, long thin billUnique flight pattern, “hoop-hoop” call, often seen probing ground for insects
Sardinian WarblerSleek black plumage, characteristic of the elegant blackbird, red facial mask, white crescent-shaped patch on throatFound in shrubby areas, melodious song
Iberian Green WoodpeckerGreen and black feathers, vibrant red crownDrills into tree trunks for insects, distinctive laughing call

Feathered Songsters: Birds with Melodious Calls

Spain is not only home to a diverse range of bird species but also hosts some of the most melodious singers in the avian world. These singing birds, known for their distinctive songs, add a symphony of sounds to Spain’s natural landscape.

From the early hours of the morning to the golden hues of sunset, the melodious calls of these birds fill the air, captivating both bird enthusiasts and casual observers alike. Their enchanting songs can be heard throughout the country, providing a vibrant soundtrack to Spain’s diverse habitats.

“The sweet melodies of these birds create an atmosphere of harmony, peace, and natural beauty. It’s truly a joyful experience to listen to their distinctive song,” says María López, a passionate birdwatcher from Barcelona.

One such bird with a melodious call is the European Nightingale (Luscinia megarhynchos), akin to the enchanting songs of the dove, known for its complex and rich song. These small birds, found in woodland areas across Spain, are often heard before they are seen, their trilling notes echoing through the trees.

Another melodious singer is the Eurasian Wren (Troglodytes troglodytes). Despite its tiny size, this bird belts out a powerful and intricate song that is harmonious to the ears. Its repertoire is full of trills, warbles, and high-pitched notes, making it a delightful addition to Spain’s avifauna.

The Booted Warbler (Iduna caligata) is another species known for its unique and melodious call. Its song has a distinctive buzzing quality, often described as a “reeling” or “rattling” sound. These birds prefer reed beds and wetlands, where their song resonates among the lush vegetation.

Birds with Melodious Calls in Spain:

  • European Nightingale (Luscinia megarhynchos)
  • Eurasian Wren (Troglodytes troglodytes)
  • Booted Warbler (Iduna caligata)

These are just a few examples of the many birds in Spain with melodious calls that enrich the country’s soundscape. Birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts visiting Spain can look forward to the enchanting melodies of these singing birds, creating a truly magical experience in the great outdoors.

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Birds of Prey: Majestic Hunters

In the beautiful country of Spain, a diverse array of avian predators, known as birds of prey, can be found soaring through the skies. These majestic hunters have captured the fascination of birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts alike, with their impressive hunting techniques and ecological importance.

One remarkable characteristic of birds of prey is their ability to mimic the calls and behavior of other birds. This mimicry allows them to deceive potential prey and stealthily approach their targets. Whether it is the sharp call of a hawk or the piercing shriek of an eagle, these birds possess a remarkable vocal repertoire that adds to their hunting prowess.

When it comes to their search for food, birds of prey employ various strategies based on their unique physical adaptations. Some species, like the iconic Spanish Imperial Eagle, rely on their keen eyesight to spot prey from incredible distances, while others, such as the Eurasian Sparrowhawk, rely on their agility and speed to chase down their quarry.

“Birds of prey are truly the kings and queens of the skies, exhibiting incredible hunting skills and adaptability. They play a crucial role in maintaining the ecological balance by controlling populations of small mammals and birds.”

These formidable predators can be found in diverse habitats throughout Spain, from the rugged mountains of the Pyrenees to the vast plains of Andalusia. The Spanish landscape provides these birds with ample opportunities to thrive and flourish.

Notable Birds of Prey in Spain

SpeciesDistinctive Features
Golden EaglePowerful build, golden-brown plumage
Peregrine FalconSwift flight, dark hooded mask
Red KiteForked tail, reddish-brown plumage
Egyptian VultureBright yellow face, white body, often seen in the easily recognizable pigeon

The presence of these extraordinary creatures is a testament to the rich biodiversity of Spain. It is crucial to appreciate and protect these magnificent birds, including the vulnerable blackbird and dove populations, to ensure the continued preservation of their habitats and the delicate balance of nature.

Conservation Efforts and Future Outlook

Bird conservation in Spain plays a vital role in safeguarding the diverse avifauna that the country is known for. With its exceptional natural landscapes and rich biodiversity, Spain has become a focal point for conservation efforts for species like the house sparrow and barn swallow aimed at protecting bird species and their habitats.

Ongoing conservation initiatives in Spain are focused on preserving the natural habitats that support a wide range of bird populations. These efforts involve habitat restoration projects, conservation education programs, and the implementation of responsible tourism practices to minimize disturbances to bird nesting sites.

The future outlook for bird populations in Spain depends on the continued commitment to conservation efforts. By raising awareness about the importance of bird conservation and promoting sustainable practices, we can help maintain the beauty and ecological balance of Spain’s avian species for future generations to enjoy.

Q1: What is the most common bird in Spain?

The most common bird in Spain is the house sparrow (Passer domesticus).

Q2: What bird is native to Spain?

The Spanish imperial eagle (Aquila adalberti) is native to Spain.

Q3: What is the bright blue bird in Spain?

The bright blue bird in Spain is the European roller (Coracias garrulus).

Q4: What is the national bird of Spain?

The national bird of Spain is the Spanish imperial eagle (Aquila adalberti).

Q5: What is a large white and black bird in Spain?

The large white and black bird in Spain is the Spanish ibex (Capra pyrenaica).

John William

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