largest birds of prey

Top 10 Largest Birds of Prey On Earth With Pictures

Birds of prey are some of the most majestic and powerful creatures in the avian world. With their sharp talons, hooked beaks, and impressive wingspans, these raptors dominate the skies. Let’s delve into the top 10 largest birds of prey, each with its unique characteristics and habitat.

Key Points:

  • Birds of prey are apex predators that hunt and feed primarily on other animals.
  • Their adaptations, such as keen eyesight and powerful talons, make them efficient hunters.
  • These magnificent birds inhabit diverse ecosystems across the globe.

#10 Steller’s Sea Eagle

Steller’s Sea Eagle

  • Scientific Name: Haliaeetus pelagicus
  • Wingspan: Up to 2.5 meters (8.2 feet)
  • Weight: Around 6.8 kilograms (15 pounds)
  • Habitat: Coastal regions of northeastern Asia

Steller’s Sea Eagle is an impressive bird found along the coastlines of Russia, Japan, and Korea. Its striking appearance, with a white head and tail contrasting against dark brown plumage, makes it a sight to behold.


#9 White-Tailed Eagle

White Tailed Eagle

  • Scientific Name: Haliaeetus albicilla
  • Wingspan: Up to 2.5 meters (8.2 feet)
  • Weight: Approximately 4.5 kilograms (10 pounds)
  • Habitat: Coastal areas, lakes, and rivers in Europe and northern Asia

The White-Tailed Eagle, also known as the Sea Eagle, boasts a distinctive white tail and a powerful beak. It’s a formidable hunter, preying on fish and waterfowl.

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#8 Bald Eagle

Bald Eagle

  • Scientific Name: Haliaeetus leucocephalus
  • Wingspan: Up to 2.4 meters (7.9 feet)
  • Weight: Around 4 kilograms (8.8 pounds)
  • Habitat: North America, near large bodies of water

The iconic Bald Eagle is the national bird of the United States. Its distinctive white head and yellow beak make it instantly recognizable. It primarily feeds on fish and carrion.


#7 Harpy Eagle

Harpy Eagle

  • Scientific Name: Harpia harpyja
  • Wingspan: Up to 2.2 meters (7.2 feet)
  • Weight: Approximately 9 kilograms (20 pounds)
  • Habitat: Tropical rainforests of Central and South America

The Harpy Eagle is a true forest giant, with powerful talons capable of capturing monkeys and sloths. Its striking appearance and impressive hunting skills have earned it the nickname “flying wolf.”

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#6 Philippine Eagle

Philippine Eagle

  • Scientific Name: Pithecophaga jefferyi
  • Wingspan: Up to 2.2 meters (7.2 feet)
  • Weight: Around 6.8 kilograms (15 pounds)
  • Habitat: Forested areas of the Philippines

The Philippine Eagle is a critically endangered species and the national bird of the Philippines. Its striking appearance includes a prominent crest of feathers on its head.

#5 Lappet-Faced Vulture

Lappet Faced Vulture

  • Scientific Name: Torgos tracheitis
  • Wingspan: Up to 2.9 meters (9.5 feet)
  • Weight: Approximately 8 kilograms (17.6 pounds)
  • Habitat: Arid and semi-arid regions of Africa

The Lappet-Faced Vulture is an impressive scavenger, often seen soaring high above the savannas. Its name comes from the fleshy lappets on its face, which serve as a cooling mechanism in the scorching African heat.

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#4 Lammergeier

Lammergeier

!Lammergeier

  • Scientific Name: Gypaetus barbatus
  • Wingspan: Up to 3 meters (9.8 feet)
  • Weight: Around 5.5 kilograms (12.1 pounds)
  • Habitat: Mountainous regions of Europe, Asia, and Africa

The Lammergeier, also known as the Bearded Vulture, has a unique diet. It primarily feeds on bones, dropping them from great heights to crack them open. Its striking appearance includes a reddish-brown body and a distinctive black beard.

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#3 Cinereous Vulture

Cinereous Vaulture

  • Scientific Name: Aegypius monachus
  • Wingspan: Up to 3.1 meters (10.2 feet)
  • Weight: Approximately 7 kilograms (15.4 pounds)
  • Habitat: Forested areas and open plains of Europe and Asia

The Cinereous Vulture, also called the Black Vulture, is a massive bird with a wingspan that rivals small aircraft. It plays a crucial role in maintaining ecological balance by scavenging carcasses.

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#2 Andean Condor

Andean Condor

!Andean Condor

  • Scientific Name: Vultur gryphus
  • Wingspan: Up to 3.3 meters (10.8 feet)
  • Weight: Around 15 kilograms (33 pounds)
  • Habitat: High-altitude regions of South America

The Andean Condor is a symbol of freedom and power. With its majestic flight and impressive wingspan, it soars over the Andes Mountains. It primarily feeds on carrion and plays a vital role in the ecosystem.


#1 California Condor

California Condor

!California Condor

  • Scientific Name: Gymnogyps californianus
  • Wingspan: Up to 3.4 meters (11.2 feet)
  • Weight: Approximately 11 kilograms (24.3 pounds)
  • Habitat: Western coastal regions of North America

The California Condor is the largest flying bird in North America. Once on the brink of extinction, conservation efforts have helped revive its population. Its bald head and massive wings make it an iconic sight in the wild.

These magnificent birds, with their immense wingspans and powerful beaks, remind us of the awe-inspiring diversity of life on our planet. From the coastal cliffs to the mountain peaks, they rule the skies and play vital roles in maintaining ecological balance.

FAQ’s:

Q1: What is the largest bird of prey in the world?

The Andean Condor (Vultur gryphus) holds this title. With a wingspan of up to 3.3 meters (10.8 feet) and weighing around 15 kilograms (33 pounds), it is an impressive raptor found in South America. It soars over the Andes Mountains, primarily feeding on carrion.

Q2: What is the largest bird hunting?

The California Condor (Gymnogyps californianus) takes this honor. With a wingspan of up to 3.4 meters (11.2 feet) and weighing approximately 11 kilograms (24.3 pounds), it is the largest flying bird in North America. Once on the brink of extinction, conservation efforts have helped revive its population.

Q3: What is the world’s largest bird?

The ostrich (Struthio camelus) claims this title. Although it is flightless, its sheer size is remarkable. Ostriches can stand up to 9 feet tall and weigh around 150 kilograms (330 pounds). They inhabit the African savannas and deserts.

Q4: What is the largest bird ever recorded?

The Argentavis magnificens, an extinct bird from the Miocene epoch, holds this record. With an estimated wingspan of up to 7 meters (23 feet), it was a colossal bird that lived in what is now Argentina.

Q5: What is the king of birds of prey?

The Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) is often regarded as the king of birds of prey. With a wingspan of up to 2.3 meters (7.5 feet) and weighing around 6.3 kilograms (14 pounds), it is a powerful hunter found across North America, Europe, and Asia.

Q6: What is the fastest bird of prey?

The Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus) holds this title. It can reach speeds of up to 240 miles per hour (386 kilometers per hour) during its high-speed dives (stoops) when hunting. These falcons are found worldwide and are known for their incredible agility and hunting prowess.

Q7: Which is the fastest bird in the world?

The Peregrine Falcon also claims the title of the fastest bird overall. Its remarkable speed during hunting makes it a true aerial marvel.

John William

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